The first traces of human settlements were found in the
area of Salzburg since the Neolithic Age. The first known settlers were
Celts, who created a camp in the year 15 BC. The environment for the
camp was perfect, and so it developed itself to a little town. After
the Romean soldiers came to the area, the town was occupied and named
"Juvavum". This was around the year 45. Juvavum became one of the most
important cities in the Romean province Noricum.
After the Romean Empire broke down, Salzburg was colonized by Bavarian settlers, and became a part of Bavaria.
In the 14th century Salzburg was able to receive independence from
Bavaria. Salzburg stayed an independent nation until the beginning of
the 19th century.